Client: Airports Company South Africa
Location: Kempton Park, Gauteng, South Africa
Prior to its redevelopment, O.R. Tambo International Airport comprised a disjointed and disparate series of buildings lining the airports airside/ landside interface; a multi-level international terminal building dating from the early1970s, and three separate single level domestic terminals varying in age from as early as the 1950s. In response to substantial growth in passenger numbers experienced post 1994, O.R. Tambo has undergone a series of large scale extension and redevelopment projects, beginning in the late 1990s.
The final piece in the puzzle came to completion in 2009, a year prior to the 2010 FIFA World Cup, was the new 120 000m² Central Terminal Building (CTB), which united for the first time under a single roof an 800 metre long terminal precinct, which expanded the precinct’s passenger processing capacity to 28MAP. The CTB acts both as an integrator and a centrepiece within the airport’s Western Precinct, tying the disparate levels of the various existing terminal buildings together and providing additional terminal capacity, as well as a large increase in retail footprint, in line with the international trend towards increasing non-aeronautical revenue for the airport operator, through enlarged airside and landside retail offering.
Located at the point of intersection of international passenger arrivals, north-south intra-terminal circulation routes, and movement routes from the parkades, bus terminal and Gautrain station, the CTB’s centrepiece is its giant oval atrium, which punctures all levels of the terminal building, allowing natural light to wash the building’s deep floor plates. As a gathering and meeting place, and point of orientation, the atrium is the central square in the city that O.R. Tambo has become.